Archive pour la catégorie ‘Human Rights’

The European Commission presents its external budget for the next programming

Mercredi 7 décembre 2011

The new budget will fund the EU priorities: the fight against poverty and promoting democracy, peace, stability and prosperity.

The range of instruments will support developing countries as well as countries in the European neighbourhood and those that are preparing accession into the EU. The Commission will seek to target its resources where they are most needed, where they will have the highest impact while ensuring more flexibility to be able to react swiftly to unforeseen events. This budget will also enable the EU to further reinforce its role on the global stage and promote its interests and values.

On the new European Neighbourhood and Pre-accession instruments Commissioner for Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy Štefan Füle commented: “These new instruments will allow us to respond even better in the future to our partner’s needs and ambitions. Through the new European Neighbourhood Instrument and the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance, support to our neighbours will become faster and more flexible; allowing for increased differentiation and incentives for best performers. At the same time it will continue to ensure the success of the democratisation process and improve economic and social development in our immediate neighbourhood, and support the reform process in those countries preparing for EU membership. ”

The budget proposals will support the Commission’s new approach - the “Agenda for Change”- to focus EU aid in fewer sectors supporting democracy, human rights and good governance and creating inclusive and sustainable growth.

Under the new principle of “differentiation,” the EU will allocate a greater proportion of funds where aid can have the highest impact: in the regions and countries that are most in need, including in fragile states. Countries that can generate enough resources to ensure their own development will no longer receive bilateral grant aid and will instead benefit from new forms of partnership; they will continue to receive funds through thematic and regional programmes. This will be complemented by different innovative cooperation modalities such as the blending of grants and loans.

One of the major innovations and a key external policy tool is the new Partnership Instrument. It will aim to advance and promote EU interests and to address major global challenges. It will also allow the EU to pursue agendas beyond development cooperation with industrialised countries, emerging economies, and countries where the EU has significant interests.

Background
Today’s texts are the legal proposals to implement the Multiannual Financial Framework presented by the Commission on 29 June 2011, in the area of external action. The package covers the full range of external support under the EU budget and includes: A Joint Communication to the European Parliament and the Council: “Global Europe” and the legislative proposals for nine geographic and thematic instruments accompanied by a common implementing regulation

The total amount proposed for these nine instruments is €96,249.4 million over the period 2014-2020 (current prices).

- Pre-accession instrument (IPA): €14,110 million

- European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI): €18,182 million

- Development Cooperation Instrument DCI): €23,295 million

- Partnership Instrument (PI): €1,131 million

- Instrument for Stability (IfS): €2,829 million

- European Instrument for Democracy & Human Rights (EIDHR):€1,578 million

- Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation: €631 million

- Instrument for Greenland: €219 million

- European Development Fund (EDF, outside EU Budget): €34,276 million

The package will be transmitted to the European Parliament and the Council and is expected to be adopted in 2012. (For more details on the various instruments, see MEMO/11/878)

The differentiation approach
Differentiation will be applied first in countries covered by DCI and ENI. Under the DCI it is proposed that 17 Upper Middle Income Countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Kazakhstan, Iran, Malaysia, Maldives, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Thailand, Venezuela and Uruguay) and 2 large Lower Middle Income Countries whose GDP is larger than 1% of global GDP (India, Indonesia) graduate to new partnerships that are not based on bilateral aid. Emerging economies such as China, Brazil and India, in particular, are currently regarded more as EU partners for addressing global challenges.

The Neighbourhood and Pre-Accession Instruments
In the context of the renewed approach to the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), the new ENI Instrument will provide streamlined support to the same 16 partner countries1 as the previous European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI). In line with the principles of differentiation and “more for more”, the ENI will support the strengthening of relations with partner countries and bring tangible benefits to both the EU and its partners in areas such as democracy and human rights, the rule of law, good governance, sustainable economic and social development and progressive economic integration in the EU single market.

The EU will continue its support to enlargement countries2 through a renewed Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA), building on the positive experience from the current instrument. IPA will help these countries implement the comprehensive reform strategies needed to prepare for future membership, with emphasis on regional cooperation, implementation of EU laws and standards, capacity to manage the Union’s internal policies upon accession, and delivery of tangible socio-economic benefits in the beneficiary countries. More use will be made of innovative financing arrangements set up with international financial institutions, with EU funds acting as a catalyst for leveraging investment in infrastructure.

The European Parliament provides a common set of rights for foreign workers

Mardi 6 décembre 2011

A single permit work should facilitate the formalities for more fairness

The proposed directive would simplify administrative requirements for third-country nationals by enabling them to obtain work and residence permits via a single procedure and grant them a standard set of rights comparable to those enjoyed by EU workers, such as decent basic working conditions, recognition of educational and professional qualifications and access to social security.

Member States would have four months within which to decide on a single permit application. These rules do not affect EU countries’ power to decide whether or not to admit non-EU workers or how many to admit.

The compromise text approved by the Civil Liberties Committee had already won the backing of the Employment Committee (associated committees).

Who is covered?

The agreed rules would apply to non-EU nationals who wish to reside and work in a Member State, or who already legally reside or work in a Member State. The new law would not cover long-term residents, refugees and posted workers (who are already subject to other EU rules), seasonal workers or intra-company transferees (who will be covered by other EU directives). Au pairs and seafarers sailing under the flag of a Member State are also excluded.

A new set of rights

Under the agreement, single permit holders would enjoy equal treatment with EU nationals as regards pay and dismissal, health and safety at work, the right to join trade unions, recognition of diplomas, access to public goods and services and social security.

Non-EU workers could also claim tax benefits under the directive if they are tax residents in the Member State concerned. Their families would be able to receive these benefits only if they live in the same EU country as the worker. However, Member States could restrict access to public services, such as public housing, to those foreign workers who have jobs.

Social security and pensions

As a general rule, non-EU workers would have access to social security on the same terms as EU nationals. However, Member States could apply restrictions to workers with contracts of less than 6 months’ duration. For non-EU citizens admitted to follow a course of study, family benefits could also be further restricted.

At the request of MEPs, the draft directive ensures that non-EU workers would be able to receive their pensions when moving back to their home country under the same conditions and at the same rates as the nationals of the Member State concerned.

Vocational training and education

Also at the request of MEPs, vocational training and education would be provided for non-EU workers who have a job or are registered as unemployed. During the negotiations, MEPs rejected a proposal by Member States to limit these services to foreign workers in employment. With respect to access to university or vocational training not linked directly to the work activity, EU countries could set specific conditions, such as language proficiency.

Background

The text backed by the Civil Liberties and Employment committees on Monday is the same as that agreed by Parliament and the Member States last July, which was endorsed by Council at the first reading on 24 November.

Next steps

Parliament as a whole is to put the agreed text to a vote in the next plenary session (12-15 December). Member States will have two years in which to transpose the directive into their national laws.

European Parliament adopts a European protection of victims

Mardi 6 décembre 2011

MPs propose that henceforth the victims of crime receive the same protection from one Member State to another

Measures to protect crime victims from aggressors already exist in all EU Member States but at present they cease to apply if the victim moves to another country. When it takes effect, the European Protection Order (EPO) will enable anyone protected under criminal law in one EU state to apply for similar protection if they move to another.

On Monday the Civil Liberties Women’s Rights committees endorsed the final text agreed with national governments.

The EPO directive was an initiative originally requested by 12 Member States and promoted by the EU’s Spanish Presidency (first half of 2010).

All crime victims to be covered

MEPs sought from the outset to make it clearer that the rules should cover all victims of crime, not just victims of gender violence. Most protection measures are granted to female victims of gender violence but an EPO could cover victims of either sex and other crimes too.

The rules would apply to victims or possible victims who need protection “against a criminal act of another person which may, in any way, endanger his life, physical, psychological and sexual integrity […] as well as his dignity or personal liberty”. Such acts would include harassment, abduction, stalking and “other forms of indirect coercion”.

Keeping aggressors away

The agreed text says that once a person is granted protection in one Member State under domestic criminal law, s/he may request an EPO to extend this protection to another EU country to which s/he decides to move. It will be up to the Member State of origin to issue the EPO and forward it to the other country.

An EPO may be issued only if the aggressor is banned by the initial country from places where the protected person resides or which s/he visits, or if restrictions are imposed on contact or approaches by the aggressor to the protected person.

The person causing the danger should have a right to be heard and to challenge the EPO. However, in the notification of the aggressor or potential aggressor, “due regard should be taken to the interest of the protected person of not having his/her address or other contact details disclosed”, stresses the text.

This directive would only apply to protection measures taken in criminal matters. However, due to differences among Member States’ legal systems, the country to which the person moves may apply other kinds of measures (criminal, administrative or civil), provided they guarantee a similar level of protection.

Protecting victims’ relatives

Thanks to MEPs, an EPO may also be requested to safeguard relatives of a beneficiary of a European Protection Order.

Wide protection for victims: new legislation to cover civil matters

The EPO in criminal matters will be complemented by separate legislation for civil matters. To that end, the Commission proposed in May 2011 a regulation on mutual recognition of protection afforded by civil law. The combination of the two instruments (the EPO directive and the regulation) should cover the broadest possible range of protection measures for victims issued in the Member States.

Next steps

Parliament is to vote on the final text at the December plenary session. Once formally adopted, Member States will have three years to transpose the new directive into national law.

European Development Days in Warsaw

Lundi 5 décembre 2011

The European Development Days will be held in Warsaw on 15 and 16 December with the theme of the Spring and Arab democracy.

Interim Prime Minister of Tunisia, H.E. Beji Caid el Sebsi, and Chairman of the National Transitional Council of Libya, H.E. Mustafa Mohammed Abdul Jalil, are the latest special guests to confirm their attendance at European Development Days on 15-16 December, which in the wake of this year’s Arab Spring events, will focus for the first time on democracy, human rights and governance.

The two new speakers will join a long list of high profile world leaders and figures from the international stage who are already confirmed; including the President of Niger, H.E. Mr Mahamadou Issoufou, Haitian President H.E. Mr Michel Martelly, the President of Georgia H.E. Mr Mikheil Saakashvili, H.E. Ms Roza Isakovna Otunbaeva, President of the Kyrgyz Republic, and Professor Shirin Ebadi, Nobel Laureate.

European Commission President, José Manuel Barroso, Development Commissioner, Andris Piebalgs, and Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response, Kristalina Georgieva, will all attend. The Polish President, Bronisław Komorowski, will take part in the opening ceremony.

Web-streaming
You can watch the event online while it takes place or choose particular panels and speeches. Photos and videos will be available for download and the website will also include a quote service. We invite you to follow the event at www.eudevdays.eu

Other High-level participants and programme
European Development Days, which this year is organised by the European Commission and the Polish Presidency, has become known as one of the key events on the international development calendar, and will take place in Warsaw between 15 and 16 December.

The key theme of European Development Days will be the link between development and democracy. Organized for the first time in a country east of the former Iron Curtain and in the context of the ongoing political changes in the Arab World the 2011 edition will bring together key players from both regions.

The event will provide a platform for putting the transition experiences of Eastern Europe into a new context.

The other main themes are:

- Aid effectiveness
- The new EU approach to development cooperation: an “Agenda for Change”
- Human rights

The two day event will also provide an opportunity for the development community to discuss the European Commission’s new approach to development cooperation the “Agenda for Change” – a commitment to increase the impact of aid by focusing on fewer sectors and those countries most in need.

Background
European Development Days was launched in 2006 as an opportunity for key partners to come together to talk about how to make aid more effective. The five previous editions have featured 36 heads of state, 60 heads of government or ministers and 7 Nobel Prize laureates. The last edition in 2010 in Brussels attracted a total of 5,000 participants.

Organised by the European Commission and the Presidency of the Council of the European Union, European Development Days is Europe’s premier forum on international affairs and development cooperation. It has global reach and provides a collaborative platform bringing together thousands of development advocates, decision-makers and practitioners.

“Development and Democracy” is the 2011 edition’s main theme and focus. Twenty years ago, Central and Eastern Europe experienced intense transitions. Last year saw the beginning of uprisings in Northern Africa and the Middle East. What better time than now to bring together the development community to take stock, analyse and review the links between political change and socio-economic progress.

The European Commission proposes an asylum policy more inclusive

Vendredi 2 décembre 2011

The Commission has responded to the events of the Arab Spring and lack of mutual trust between Member States

Solidarity has to be at the core of EU asylum policy and the European Commission is working in this direction. Even though common rules are, to a large extent, already in place, asylum solidarity between EU member states is still far too weak. Some countries’ asylum systems do not function well enough. Other countries simply accept far too few asylum seekers, for example, in the first half of this year, over 75% of all asylum applications were made in only 6 Member States (France, Germany, Belgium, the United Kingdom, Sweden and Italy), meaning that many EU members could take a far greater share of the responsibility. In addition, unforeseen events can over-stretch the capacity of any Member State and the European Union has to be prepared to support these Member States, so that people who arrive are received in dignity.

In a Communication adopted today on “Enhanced intra-EU solidarity in the field of asylum”, the European Commission proposes to improve asylum systems through the interaction of EU legislation, an enhanced practical cooperation and a better use of EU funding mechanisms.

This will notably be achieved by:

- making the supporting role of the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) more effective. Practical cooperation could, for example, be strengthened by making it easier to send officials to help Member States facing particular pressure
- increasing the amount of funds available to Member States and making these more flexible, taking into account significant fluctuations in the number of asylum seekers
- further developing and encouraging the relocation of beneficiaries of international protection amongst EU Member States, notably through financial assistance
introducing an evaluation and early warning mechanism to detect and address emerging problems in Member States’ asylum systems.
Drawing on lessons from the Union’s reaction to the migratory consequences of the events in the Southern Mediterranean, the Communication emphasises in particular the need for better coordination between Union agencies such as, Frontex, Europol and the Fundamental Rights Agency. A reinforcement of cross-agency cooperation is important both when reacting to emergencies and in proactive work, such as risk analysis and early warning capacity.

Background
Asylum flows are not constant, nor are they evenly distributed across the EU. They have, for example, varied from a peak of 425 000 applications for EU-27 States in 2001 down to under 200 000 in 2006, and up to 260 000 in 2010. An increase is expected this year, with the number of asylum applications up by 14% in the first half of 2011 compared to the first half of 2010.

Solidarity has been a central tenet in the field of EU migration for over a decade, since the very beginning of the Union’s common asylum policy (CEAS), and is now enshrined in Article 80 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The need to translate solidarity into concrete measures flows from practical realities since Member States’ asylum systems are also interdependent: an overburdened or malfunctioning system in one Member State has a clear impact on all the others.

It is thus the Union’s responsibility to assist these Member States and to uphold the Union’s common values and fundamental rights. Member States, in turn, must ensure that their asylum systems meet the standards set by international and European law, notably through the 1951 Geneva Refugee Convention, the European Convention on Human Rights and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU.

The Stockholm Programme, the roadmap for EU action in the justice, freedom and security field, also calls for the Union to strengthen solidarity on asylum. In particular, it calls for solidarity between Member States as they collectively shoulder the responsibility of setting up a humane and efficient system to manage asylum flows. Today’s Communication is a step closer in answering that call.

International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People

Mardi 29 novembre 2011

It was at this same date in 1947, the Assembly of the UN decided the partition of Palestine

Since 2000, the European Commission has provided almost €600 million in humanitarian aid to help meet the basic needs of Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, as well as Palestinian refugees living in Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. Particular attention is paid to those refugees who do not receive aid from the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine refugees in the Near-East (UNRWA) and other organizations, especially those living in the 42 unofficial ‘gatherings’ in Lebanon, lacking the legal status to benefit from UNRWA’s aid programme.

In 2011, the Commission’s assistance supported:

- getting food assistance to 1,130,000 people;
- provided healthcare and psychosocial support for 471,000 vulnerable Palestinians;
- made clean water available to 413,000 people in Gaza, West Bank and Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon;
- provided shelter for 655 Palestinians in Lebanon and contributed to the protection and care of children and adult Palestinian refugees.

ACP-EU Assembly

Mardi 22 novembre 2011

Despite economic difficulties, efforts must continue to help the ACP countries according to the co-chair of the Assembly Louis Michel

The Joint Assembly of MEPs and their counterparts from African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries is focussing its discussions this week on the consequences of the Arab Spring in Sub-Saharan Africa, the impact of indebtedness on development aid and the food crisis in the Horn of Africa. The resolutions will be adopted on Wednesday.

Democracy, transparency, security

Referring to an urgent resolution on the consequences of the Arab Spring scheduled for adoption by the Assembly, he stressed that difficulties should not be used as a pretext for reducing aid and that the democratic aspirations of the people must not be opposed.

Democracy had progressed in a spectacular way in West Africa in recent years, said Mr Michel. However, he underlined that democratic transitions were extremely fragile and rarely linear and it was essential that elections should always meet the criteria of transparency.

Mr Michel pointed to Somalia’s political and security problems, which must be addressed seriously in order to prevent the problems from spilling over to other countries, such as Kenya.

No more lawless zones

Faure Gnassingbé, President of the host country Togo, stressed that the establishment of a “lawless zone”, similar to that in Somalia, must be prevented in the Gulf of Guinea and in the Sahel area.

He said that the activites of the International Criminal Court should be considered “transitional” and every country had to reinforce its judiciary so that it had the capacity to convict those found guilty.

The Acting Co-President of the Joint Parliamentary Assembly, Assarid Ag Imbarcaouane of Mali, drew attention to the worsening piracy situation in the Gulf of Guinea. He also urged the EU to dismantle its subsidies for European cotton producers when reforming its agricultural policy, so to avoid unfair competition with ACP cotton producers.

Proliferation of weapons

In his speech, the President of Niger, Mahamadou Issoufou, listed food security, drought, infrastructure, access to drinking water, democratic governance and the prevention of the proliferation of weapons following the events in Libya amongst the most important issues to be addressed.

The European Parliament highlights the human rights

Mardi 22 novembre 2011

A meeting will be held Nov. 23 gathering the great defenders of human rights and the winners of the Sakharov Prize

This Human Rights Conference and Sakharov Prize Network event provides a timely occasion to discuss the powerful role of new technologies in the battle for human rights. Moreover, it also gives an ideal opportunity to look at human rights issues in countries in transition, especially in light of current international developments such as the Arab Spring.

Human rights issues are always at the top of the Parliament’s agenda. The conference wants people engaged in the struggle for human rights around the World to look at Brussels as not only as the European Union’s capital, but also as a human rights hub.The event will close with a public debate at the BOZAR Cultural Centre in the evening in Brussels.

Interview opportunities contact: karima.bensalah@europarl.europa.eu

Sakahrov prize laureates present: Hauwa Ibrahim, Wei Jing Sheng, Salih Mahmoud Osman, Alecsandr Milinkievic, Reporters without Borders, Zhanna Litvina - Belarus Association of Journalists, Taslima Nasrin, Salima Ghezali, Leyla Zana, Ladies in White and Oslobodjenje.

The Vice-President of the European Commission launches the start of activities of the European Institute of Law

Jeudi 17 novembre 2011

One year after the idea of its creation, the institute opened its first working meeting attended by Viviane Reding, European Commissioner for Justice

It will hold its first working meeting to discuss the Commission’s proposal for an optional Common European Sales Law ( IP/11/1175 ). Founded in June, with its seat in Vienna ( IP/11/666 ), the Institute aims to improve legal consistency in Europe by providing practical advice to policymakers and authorities and to further develop EU law. It is an independent non-profit organisation bringing together legal practitioners and academics from all over Europe. The Institute will make an important contribution to the EU’s wider goal of building a European area of law and justice.

According to Vivian Reding, the European Law Institute will help build a European legal culture. More consistency between Europe’s different legal systems will help strengthen mutual trust and our citizens’ confidence in the EU’s legal system, strengthening confidence in the European rule of law, which is the cement binding the European Union together. It will make the European area of justice concrete and real so that people can exercise their rights and take advantage of the Single Market’s opportunities. The Institute will also bring added value to research on how EU law is implemented across the Union. It will engage in projects that will have concrete results for the daily lives of European citizens and legal practitioners.

European law has a profound impact on the daily lives of European citizens, businesses and national political and legal structures. Academic research and judicial training is needed to further develop and strengthen all areas of European law – whether civil, criminal or administrative.

The Institute will help analyse the difficulties faced by legal professionals, identify possible solutions to help improve the application of EU law, and develop suggestions for reforms of EU legislation in all areas. It will also be a forum for exchange and discussion for lawyers, academics and professionals.

The initiative to create a European Law Institute – promoted by the Commission in its action plan for delivering an area of freedom, security and justice for Europe’s citizens ( IP/10/447 ) – draws inspiration from the American Law Institute, a non-governmental body that played a crucial role in developing the Uniform Commercial Code, which facilitates sales and other commercial transactions across the United States’ 50 states. The Institute decided to organise its first working meeting to discuss the Common European Sales Law, which could be freely chosen by businesses and consumers for selling and shopping online in the EU.

Background
The creation of the European Law Institute was part of the Commission’s 2010 Action Plan to implement the Stockholm Programme. Vice-President Reding spoke about the importance of its creation in April 2010 in Florence ( SPEECH/10/154 ). On 1 June 2011, the Institute’s first inaugural congress was held in Paris ( IP/11/666 ) before the University of Vienna won the right to host the seat of the Institute for an initial four-year period.

The aims of the European Law Institute are to :

- evaluate and stimulate the development of EU law, legal policy, and practice;
- make proposals for the further development of the body of EU law and for the enhancement of Member States’ implementation of EU law;
- identify and analyse legal developments in areas within the competence of Member States that are relevant at the EU level;
- study EU approaches regarding international law and enhance the role EU law could play globally, such as in drafting international instruments or model rules;
- conduct and facilitate pan-European research, such as drafting, evaluating and improving principles and rules that are common to the European legal systems;
- provide a forum for jurists – academics, judges, lawyers and other legal professionals – from different legal traditions to hold discussions

2014-2020: towards an increase in funding in the areas of migration, asylum and internal security

Mardi 15 novembre 2011

The European Commission, in response to the news of the attacks in Norway and the Arab Spring, has decided to increase the funding available in the field of internal affairs and to simplify procedures for granting.

For the next Multiannual Financial Framework (period 2014-2020), the Commission is proposing an overall Home Affairs budget of €10.7 billion. This represents an increase of almost 40% compared to the total budget for the period 2007-2013.

While the amount of funding available for managing migration flows and addressing security threats will increase, the number of funds will be reduced from six to two: A new Asylum and Migration fund with an overall budget of €3,869 million and a new Internal Security fund worth €4,648 million. Simplifying the rules, speeding up the procedures and cutting red tape will ensure that results are delivered quicker on the ground.

Cecilia Malmström, Commissioner for Home Affairs that with these proposals, we are bolstering the EU’s capacity to provide support when and where it is most needed. Adequate funding with simpler and more flexible rules is crucial to address the increasingly transnational challenges that the EU faces. We need a faster and more effective EU response to events like those we have seen in North Africa in recent months.

Background
The two Funds, proposed in today’s communication from the Commission, will provide financing opportunities for policies on asylum and migration, effective border management systems, the fight against organised crime, corruption and terrorism and many other areas:

The Asylum and Migration Fund will focus on people flows and the integrated management of migration. It will support actions addressing all aspects of migration, including asylum, legal migration, integration and the return of irregularly staying non-EU nationals. Its overall budget is set at €3,869 million.

The Internal Security Fund will support the implementation of the Internal Security Strategy (IP/10/1535 and MEMO/10/598) and the EU approach to law enforcement cooperation, including the management of the union’s external borders. It will have a global budget of €4,648 million, which will also cover the development of new IT systems, such as the future entry/exit system and the Registered Traveller Programme.

This new structure of funding will allow for a better understanding of the rules by all partners, creating economies of scale. Moreover, a flexible emergency response mechanism in the two Funds will allow the EU to react rapidly to fast evolving crisis situations, such as mixed migratory flows or terrorist attacks or cyber attacks. The two funds will replace the European Fund for the Integration of Third Country Nationals, the European Refugee Fund, the External Borders Fund, the European Return Fund and the two specific programmes Prevention of and fight against crime (ISEC) and Prevention, Preparedness and Consequence management of Terrorism and other Security-related risks (CIPS).

The Lisbon Treaty, the Stockholm Programme and its Action Plan have defined the scope of EU action in the area of Home Affairs up until 2014. EU funding for Home Affairs policies after 2013 should look beyond this roadmap and focus on delivering results and better complementing national budgets. At the start of the next Multiannual Financial Framework (2014-2020), the Commission will discuss with each participating State how home affairs funding can best be used to achieve all EU policy objectives in this area. This dialogue will ensure a focus on policy priorities and results.

These legislative proposals will now be discussed and negotiated with the European Parliament and the Council. The Funds should become operational in 2014.