Archive pour novembre 2010

EU-Africa Summit Revival of EU27 trade in goods with Africa in the first nine months of 2010 Africa accounts for 9% of EU27 trade

Samedi 27 novembre 2010

STAT/10/178 26 November 2010 After six years of steady growth, the EU27 trade in goods with Africa1 dropped in 2009, with exports falling by 10% and imports by one third, compared with 2008. As a result, the EU27 deficit in trade with Africa, which reached …

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Which innovations will allow for active and healthy ageing ?

Vendredi 26 novembre 2010

Between 2010 and 2030, the number of Europeans aged over 65 old will increase by nearly 40%, which will produce challenges and opportunities for society and economy are met. The European Commission has thus launched a consultation on active aging and healthy. They are reaping the views from public and private organizations, businesses and individuals on how Europe could strengthen innovation to solve the problems of the aging population in Europe, including a “partnership European innovation driver for active aging and healthy.

John Dalli, European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Policy said: “Europe needs to prepare for the future ageing of its society and the use of innovation shall be one of the tools at our disposal. This is why I am very pleased that the very first of the Partnerships is on Active and Healthy Ageing: it will imply a close cooperation across different policies covering public health, research, digital and industrial policy.”

Neelie Kroes, Commission Vice-President for the Digital Agenda said: “People are living for longer - and should be able to do so as actively and independently as possible, with the help of innovative solutions such as fall-detection and prevention devices, easy to use social interaction services to overcome loneliness, and smart use of ICT in the home. We need input from stakeholders to make sure the future Innovation Partnership can help to make these ideas a reality for Europe’s senior citizens.”

The consultation invites interested stakeholders, such as organisations representing the elderly and patients, hospitals and care service providers, health and care professionals, insurers, Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) and health companies, public authorities and individual citizens, to help identifying current barriers to innovation and opportunities in the field of active and healthy ageing. Contributors can also share existing and future initiatives which could be undertaken at European level and advanced in a collaborative way. These should focus on how innovative solutions can bring promising and tangible outcomes to benefit the elderly.

The European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing, as a headline target, aims to increase the average healthy lifespan in the EU by two years by 2020. It seeks to improve older people’s quality of life and to lead to more efficient care solutions. It will focus on applying innovation on a larger scale than today in areas such as health promotion, prevention, early diagnosis and treatment, integrated and collaborative health and social care systems, independent living and assistive technologies for older people.

The Commission will analyse the responses to the consultation, in order to obtain a clear view of the innovation potential and capacity in the multiple areas that affect ageing today. The responses will help the Commission to plan the next steps for the EIP.

The online consultation runs in parallel to a Conference on the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing, which is taking place in Brussels today. More than 150 stakeholder representatives are due to discuss their ideas for the partnership to convert into concrete actions.


The European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing is part of the EU’s “Innovation Union” strategy, one of the Europe 2020 flagship initiatives, to turn ideas into jobs, green growth and social progress (IP/10/1288). The Innovation Union has a three-fold goal: making Europe into a world-class science performer; revolutionising the way public and private sectors work together, notably through Innovation Partnerships, and removing bottlenecks – like expensive patenting, market fragmentation, slow standard setting and skill shortages - that currently prevent ideas getting quickly to market.

This corresponds to the Digital Agenda for Europe’s objective to harness the potential of ICT to boost prosperity and improve people’s quality of life (see IP/10/581, MEMO/10/199 and MEMO/10/200). The Digital Agenda seeks inter alia to ensure that ICT allows a more independence for people who are frail or suffer from chronic conditions and for persons with disabilities. It aims to double the take-up of independent living arrangements for the elderly by 2015.

Similarly, “fostering good health in an ageing Europe” was identified as one of the three main objectives of the EU’s Healthy Strategy “Together for Health”.

How to improve the quality of life of people with dementia? A conference organized by the Belgian Presidency of the European Union

Vendredi 26 novembre 2010

The 25 and 26 November 2010, a conference was organized by the Belgian Presidency of the European Union, which brought together Member States representatives and patient organizations in Brussels, in collaboration with the King Baudouin Foundation, about the theme “Improving quality of life for people with dementia: a challenge for European society “.

The EU Member States are increasingly facing common challenge due to the growing burden of neuro-degenerative diseases in the European Union. According to the data on the prevalence of Alzheimer’s Disease and other dementias collected by Alzheimer Europe, it is estimated that 7.3 million Europeans (in 27 Member States) between 30 and 99 years of age suffered from different types of dementia in 2006 (14.6 per 1 000 inhabitants). As this figure is expected to double in the next 20 years, dementia has become today, throughout Europe, a public health priority. Neuro-degenerative diseases have significant socio-economic implications as they are strongly linked with age and Europe has a rapidly ageing population.

The Belgian Presidency of the European Union organised this high-level conference to identify good practices and interesting initiatives and facilitate their exchange between Member States, associations and experts.

The conference identified four main principles to be taken into account to improve the care of patients suffering from dementia: the recognition of and support to the informal caregiver, the continuity of care, the importance of care adapted to the patient and the importance of collaboration between all health professionals involved.

The Belgian Minister of Health, Madam Laurette Onkelinx concluded that “we really need to put Alzheimer disease and other dementias higher on the European agenda. There is an urgent need to change the perception of the society on dementia. We need to focus on respect of the dignity and autonomy of patients suffering of these diseases”.

The beginnings of the European Support Office on Asylum

Vendredi 26 novembre 2010

The first meeting of the Management Board of the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) was held in Malta on 25 and 26 November 2010. This was an opportunity to choose the first Director General and regulations on the internal functioning of the Agency and discuss priorities.

How is the EASO going to work?

The EASO is established in the form of a regulatory agency. The EASO founding Regulation provides that the Office will be fully operational by 19 June 2011.

The planning and monitoring authority of the office is its Management Board. It consists of one member from each EU country, of two members from the Commission and of a non-voting member from the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR). The term of office of management board members is three years, renewable.

The management board appoints the executive director from candidates selected via an open competition. The executive director is responsible for managing and acting as the legal representative of the office. The term of office of the executive director is five years, renewable once for not more than three years. The first Executive Director will be formally appointed early 2011 by the EASO Management Board after a hearing before the European Parliament.

The EASO may set up working parties composed of experts in the field of asylum.

A consultative forum is to be established for cooperation between the EASO and relevant civil society organisations and other competent bodies working on asylum policy at local, regional, national, European or international level.

The budget foreseen for the period 2010 – 2013 is around €40 million.

What is the mandate of the EASO?

The Regulation establishing the EASO contributes to the creation of a Common European Asylum System (CEAS). The mandate of the EASO is to strengthen Member States’ practical cooperation on asylum, to support Member States whose asylum systems are under particular pressure and to enhance the implementation of the CEAS.

* Support for practical cooperation: the EASO is responsible for facilitating exchanges of information as well as identifying and pooling good practice on asylum matters in general. More specifically, the office is responsible for activities relating to the gathering of information concerning countries of origin of asylum seekers. This includes the development of a portal, as well as analysing and reporting on country-of-origin information. In addition, the office is to provide support for the intra-Community transfers of persons under international protection, for the training of relevant parties and for the external dimension of the CEAS.
* Support for Member States under particular pressure: the EASO is to assist Member States that find themselves under particular pressure in particular due to their geographical or demographic situations or due to the arrival of large numbers of third country nationals that need international protection (relocation). It will coordinate the so-called support teams made up of national experts (see infra).
* Implementation of the CEAS: the EASO is to contribute to the implementation of the CEAS, in particular by coordinating the exchanges of information between relevant stakeholders on the implementation of the instruments of the Union asylum acquis. For this purpose, the EASO may establish databases covering asylum instruments at national, European and international levels. In addition, it is to gather information on the processing of asylum applications and on legislative developments concerning asylum in Member States. The office is also responsible for drawing up an annual report on the European asylum situation and may draft technical documents, such as guidelines and operating manuals, on the implementation of the Union asylum instruments.

How will asylum support teams be helpful?

Upon request for assistance by Member States under particular pressure, the EASO may coordinate the deployment of one or more asylum support teams to their territories for an appropriate period of time. These teams are to provide technical assistance such as interpreting services, information on countries of origin and know-how on managing asylum cases.

The EASO will not only establish an asylum intervention pool made up of experts, from which the teams are drawn up, but will also draw up a list of interpreters. EU countries are to contribute to this pool with experts from their national pools and assist in the identification of interpreters. An operating plan is to be established.

The Common European Asylum System: What is the state of play?

The launch of the EASO is a major step towards the establishment of a Common European Asylum System (CEAS) by 2012 (a deadline set by the Stockholm Programme). But it is only one element of a broader package, aiming at setting up a common area of protection and solidarity based on a common asylum procedure and a uniform status for those granted international protection.

The first generation of the CEAS instruments were adopted between 2000 and 2005. The EU is engaging in improving its asylum acquis with a second generation of legislation.

In order to complete the ongoing construction of the CEAS, six legislative proposals have to be negotiated. The objective of the current EU Presidency is to accelerate negotiations on four instruments (revision of the Dublin and EURODAC Regulations, the extension of the Long term Residence Status Directive and the Qualification Directive), with clear commitment to continue negotiations on the remaining two others (the Reception Conditions Directive and the Asylum Procedures Directive).

The extension of the long term residents directive to beneficiaries of international protection (COM (2007) 298 amending Directive 2003/109/EC)

This proposal is designed to extend the legal system for Non-EU Member Country nationals with long-term resident status to include persons with international protection. The Commission has proposed that such persons, who initially were not covered by Directive 2003/109/EC, may be granted the rights under long-term resident status after a period of five years’ legal residence. The beneficiaries targeted are refugees under the terms of the Geneva Convention and persons enjoying subsidiary protection within the meaning of Directive 2004/83/EC.

Good progress has been achieved and a final compromise could be reached very soon between the European Parliament and the Council.

The Dublin II Regulation

With regards to Dublin II Regulation, a recast proposal was presented in December 2008 with the aim of increasing efficiency of asylum cases and offering better guarantees and legal protection to asylum seekers (IP/08/1875).

A number of issues still need to be resolved. This is notably the definition of family members, provisions on detention in relation with the Dublin procedure and the suspensive character of appeals against transfer decisions. The Commission is in favour of a common exceptional mechanism for the temporary suspension of transfers of asylum seekers to the first country of entry in the EU territory. This ‘mécanisme d’urgence’ would allow the EU to deal with exceptional situations where certain Member States would suffer from a heavy burden they simply cannot cope with on their own.

The EURODAC Regulation

EURODAC (the system collecting asylum seekers fingerprints) was the first instrument adopted in the field of asylum. It is a European flagship biometric IT system in support of asylum policy and for the proper implementation of the Dublin regulation. With its new proposal of 11th October 2010, the Commission aims at allowing for a rapid agreement by the co-legislators on the EURODAC Regulation, and thereby facilitate progress on the whole asylum package as well as the timely set up of the IT Agency (that should also be responsible for the management of EURODAC).

The Qualification Directive

The Commission submitted its proposal for the recast of the Qualification Directive in October 2009 (IP/09/1552). This proposal clarifies certain legal concepts, such as “actors of protection”, “internal protection” or “membership of a particular social group”, in order to enable national authorities to apply the criteria more robustly and to identify more quickly persons in need of protection. Furthermore, the proposal aims to approximate the rights granted to refugees and to beneficiaries of subsidiary protection. The amendments concern the duration of residence permits, access to social welfare, health care and the labour market. This would entail a reduction of the costs and administrative burdens linked to the management of different protection statuses.

What other tool is there to help Member States implement the asylum acquis?

The European Refugee Fund (ERF)

The ERF is another tool supporting the efforts of Member States to apply fair and effective asylum procedures and to promote good practices in the field of asylum so as to protect the rights of persons requiring international protection. The ERF can provide all Member States (except Denmark; UK and Ireland have opted in) with financial assistance in a wide range of cases: structures and training to ensure access to asylum procedures for asylum seekers, legal assistance, material aid and medical or psychological care, social assistance, the provision of support services such as translation, training for the national staff, measures promoting the integration of beneficiaries of international protection into Member States’ societies. Furthermore, the ERF also provides assistance to Member States which may face particular pressure.

The Temporary Protection Directive

The Temporary Protection Directive was adopted in 2001. It foresees the triggering of an emergency procedure in the event of a mass influx or imminent mass influx of displaced persons, the existence of which is established by an EU decision on a proposal from the Commission, in particular if there is also a risk that the asylum system will be unable to process this influx without adverse effects for its efficient operation. The temporary protection mechanism established by the Directive has not been used yet.

The European Commission hastens to adopt a new EU budget draft for 2011

Vendredi 26 novembre 2010

On 26 November 2010, the European Commission adopted a new draft budget for 2011, after the failure of the conciliation procedure between Parliament and the Council on 15 November. The new draft budget provides for payments amounting to 126.5 billion euros (+ 2.9% compared to 2010). President Barroso sent a letter to the presidents of the European Parliament and European Council explaining the Commission’s proposals to allow the Council and Parliament to reach an agreement on policy issues related to the adoption of the 2011 budget.

“We worked full speed to present a solid starting point for renewed negotiations between the European Parliament and the Council”, states EU Commissioner for budget and financial programming Janusz Lewandowski. “Our target was to present this new draft budget by 1 December; but working faster enabled us to beat this deadline in order to give both arms of the budgetary authority more chance to find an agreement on next year’s budget before the end of the year”.

On 15 November, the Council and Parliament failed to reach an agreement on political issues linked to the EU budget which led to the collapse of the conciliation procedure.

These issues centered on defining modalities for inter-institutional dialogue in view of the adoption of the next Financial Framework, future sources of income (“own resources”) for the EU budget as well as the level of flexibility within the current Multiannual financial framework. The Parliament has confirmed its position on these three issues in a resolution it adopted on 25 November.

In President Barroso’s letter to President Buzek and Prime Minister Leterme, the Commission calls on Parliament and Council to develop the modalities regarding cooperation on future budgetary issues as foreseen by the Lisbon Treaty (joint work on the next Multiannual Financial Framework).

The Commission also states its intention to come up with proposals on the EU’s own resources by June 2011. Furthermore, the financing of the EU’s new tasks stemming from the Lisbon Treaty and of the EU 2020 strategy shall be examined with European added value being the cornerstone of future Commission’s proposals.

As regards flexibility within the budget, Commissioner Lewandowski adds, I am happy that the Council agreed yesterday to establish a contingency margin of up to 0.03% of the EU GNI as a last resort instrument to react to unforeseen circumstances. We welcome it as a major step forward.

What Comes Next?

The Commission will immediately send the new draft budget 2011 to the European Parliament and the Council. On that basis, the Parliament and the Council are to reach an agreement.

“It is crucial that we reach an agreement on next year’s budget by 31 December”, says Janusz Lewandowski. “All around us, new economic powers emerge while markets must see that Europe dedicates its efforts to overcome the current crisis rather than remains paralysed in purely internal debates. Despite what some say, the EU budget is not a “budget for Brussels”; the functioning of the EU institutions amounts to less than 6% of the total budget, this means that almost 95% of the budget goes to boosting Europe’s economic growth, to towns and regions, to scientists, farmers and students, to protecting our environment, tackling climate change, making our transport safer and enabling Europe to act as one on the world stage. We need a budget for 500 million Europeans! On the basis of yesterday’s developments in Council and Parliament, I am convinced that an agreement is within our reach, based on our new budget proposal”.


Background notes

* This is the first EU budget to be adopted under the Lisbon Treaty procedure. The treaty introduces many changes, including the fact that for the first time the Council and the Parliament are on equal footing in the adoption procedure.
* The adoption procedure is in four parts: first the Commission presents the draft budget, this was done on 27 April when the Commission called for a 5.9% increase; second the Council reacts (on 12 August, the Council called for a 2.9% increase); third the Parliament reacts (on 20 October, the Parliament called for a 6% increase); fourth a 21 day conciliation procedure follows to find a compromise between the two institutions (the Conciliation Committee worked between 26 October and 15 November).
* If the conciliation procedure fails, the Commission must present a new draft budget (art.314.8). The college of Commissioners empowered Commissioner Lewandowski to adopt the new draft.
* If there is no agreement by 31 December 2010, from 1 January 2011 the EU would operate under the system of the “provisional twelfth”. In short, each chapter of the budget would be funded monthly by one twelfth of its 2010 budget or even less if the amount in the draft budget is lower for that chapter. This would hamper the good funtioning of the EU since any new initiative or body that did not have a budget in 2010 would not be funded by the budget, the solidarity fund and globalisation adjustment fund would be frozen, and generally speaking equal monthly budgets would prevent planning over several months.

International Trade in Services Slowdown in EU27 external trade in services in 2009 EU27 surplus down to 63 bn euro

Vendredi 26 novembre 2010

STAT/10/177 25 November 2010 In 2009, EU271 external trade in services2 slowed down compared with 2007 and 2008. EU27 exports of services to the rest of the word fell by 10%, from 524 billion euro in 2008 to 473 bn in 2009, and EU27 imports by 8%, from …

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Extraordinary Council meeting Competitiveness (Internal Market, Industry, Research and Space) Brussels, 10 November 2010

Vendredi 26 novembre 2010

COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION EN 16041/10 PRESSE 297 PR CO 32 PRESS RELEASE President Mr Vincent VAN QUICKENBORNE Minister for Enterprise and Simplification of Belgium Main results of the Council The Council discussed, during a public session, on a draft …

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Youth Access to Employment: Obstacles must be removed urgently within the EU

Jeudi 25 novembre 2010

On 25 November 2010, a new Employment in Europe 2010 report shows it is urgent removing labour market obstacles and helping youth access jobs

“European labour markets will emerge from the crisis profoundly changed. That’s why workers and employers must be ready with the right skills and incentives to adapt to the changing realities” said László Andor, EU Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion. He added: “We are working with all our partners, including Member States, to ensure that people have the right skills for the jobs of tomorrow. Our Europe 2020 target is to reach 75% employment and getting people into work is the main objective of two of our flagship initiatives announced this year: “Youth on the Move” IP/10/1124 and “New Skills and Jobs” IP/10/1541 With these challenges in mind, the 22nd annual edition of the Employment in Europe report takes a deeper look at the key issues for future EU labour market policy. It covers in particular the impact of the labour market recovery measures adopted by Member States since the beginning of the crisis and also structural obstacles faced by young people in EU labour markets.

EU labour market policies have been effective and fair…

The report argues that not only did certain crisis measures limit the overall increase in joblessness generally, but also contributed to a fairer distribution of the burden in difficult times.

Assessing the possibilities of reinforcing existing measures, and the necessity of their phasing out as the crisis fades, is even more relevant now in times of fiscal consolidation. The report shows, for instance, that temporary public financial support in the form of in-work subsidies improves job opportunities for all groups, but can be particularly effective if specifically targeted at younger workers.

The appropriate timing of measures during different phases of the downturn is also important, for example, short time working schemes, e.g. Kurzarbeit in Germany, Cassa Integrazione in Italy or Chômage Partiel in France, are more effective in the initial phase of the downturn, whereas hiring subsidies are more relevant in the recovery phase as they can speed up job creation.

…but now structural obstacles have to be tackled urgently, especially with respect to youth

The crisis also highlighted the negative consequences of labour market segmentation between “insiders”, or those working in protected regular contracts, and “outsiders”, those in temporary jobs. Temporary workers are paid less (14% less on average) and receive less training and find it often very difficult to move to a regular job. This has a negative impact on productivity and is particularly relevant for youth, where temporary jobs account for 40% of their employment against 13% for the overall working-age population.

The report also emphasises the urgent need for an effective strategy to make labour markets more inclusive and to move away from their segmentation between insiders and outsiders. It notes too that young people are experiencing more and more difficulties finding work with the share of young NEETs (Not in Education, Employment or Training) rising, varying from about 4% in Denmark and the Netherlands to as high as 16-20% in Italy, Cyprus and Bulgaria.

As the report argues, more effective labour market inclusion can be achieved through the implementation of comprehensive flexicurity policy packages. This could include, as set out in the flagship ‘New Skills and Jobs’ presented this week, to extend the use of open-ended contractual arrangements with a sufficiently long probation period and a gradual increase of protection rights, access to training, life-long learning and career guidance for all employees. This would aim to reduce the existing divisions between those holding temporary and permanent contracts.


Employment in Europe is the main tool for the analysis of employment performance and labour market developments in the EU, the Acceding and the Candidate Countries. It provides the basic analytical and statistical background to the Joint Employment Report as well as other instruments key to the European Employment Strategy.

Gender Equality: Germany, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovenia become satisfactory to the European Commission

Jeudi 25 novembre 2010

The European Commission considers, after checking, that Germany, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovenia have taken the necessary measures to implement EU legislation to ensure equal treatment between women and men in the workplace. The Commission has therefore closed the infringement proceedings against these four countries.

The Commission has closed the infringement cases against Germany (IP/09/1147), Latvia (IP/09/1033), Lithuania and Slovenia (IP/08/1821) on the following grounds:

Germany provided more information about how the EU law was put in place. Specifically, the German Federal Labour Court clarified the scope of the act transposing the EU Directive. As a result, the Commission found that employees are covered by German anti-discrimination legislation in cases of dismissals. Therefore, the Commission now considers that Germany has sufficiently implemented the Directive.

Latvia has recently modified its gender equality and anti-discrimination law to take account of the Commission’s concerns. The Commission decided to drop the case after examining the amended legislation and considering explanations provided by the national authorities.

Lithuania has recently amended its Labour Code and Law on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men. The Labour Code now explicitly ensures that a woman on maternity leave has the right to return to her job on conditions no less favourable to her, and benefit from any improvement in working conditions to which she would be entitled during her absence. The Law on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men now provides for the right for the Ombudsman to carry out surveys, publish reports and make recommendations. After examining the amended legislation, the Commission is of the opinion that the Lithuanian Government has sufficiently implemented the EU Directive.

Slovenia has given further explanations on the rights in the law and practice of a woman on maternity leave. In the light of these explanations, the Commission determined that a woman in Slovenia is entitled to return to her job after maternity leave on conditions no less favourable to her and to benefit from any improvement in working conditions, which have taken place during her maternity leave.


Directive 2006/54/EC (recasting Directive 2002/73/EC) is a central element in the broader body of European legislation on equal treatment between women and men. It aims to implement the principle of equal treatment between men and women in the field of employment and occupation. It introduces, in particular, detailed definitions of direct and indirect discrimination, harassment and sexual harassment. It also requires the creation of a body or bodies for the promotion, analysis, monitoring and support of equal treatment of all persons without discrimination on the grounds of sex and requires Member States to encourage dialogue with non-governmental organisations. The deadline for implementing the Directive into national law was 5 October 2005.

EU Sustainable Energy Week : Sustainable Energy Awards 2011

Jeudi 25 novembre 2010

Over the coming weeks and months, independent experts will examine the entries to identify the most outstanding pioneers in the field of sustainable energy, clean transport and energy efficiency in Europe. The winners will be announced during EU Sustainable Energy Week 2011 (11-15 April 2011). Solving the energy - climate equation - is indeed a crucial challenge for the development of the European Union.

The European Commission, invites you to participate to the SUSTAINABLE ENERGY EUROPE AWARDS 2011.

The annual awards are an integral part of the Sustainable Energy Europe Campaign and provide an invaluable opportunity to highlight the successes of the most outstanding, ambitious and innovative projects in sustainable energy. The European Commission will reward best-in-class initiatives in the fields of energy efficiency, renewable energy technologies, clean transport and alternative fuels.

* Eligibility Criteria: Projects must be ongoing, financed, implemented by public and/or private actors and be related to one of the Awards categories.
* Awards categories:
- Communicating: Projects that raise awareness about energy and which aim at changing perceptions and behaviour.
- Consuming: Projects, activities or services designed to help reduce energy consumption both for private consumers, public authorities and private companies.
- Learning: Projects designed to enhance knowledge and skills related to energy efficiency and renewable energy.
- Living: Projects that aim to make buildings more energy-efficient or that incorporate the on-site generation of renewable energy.
- Producing: Projects directly related to renewable energy production or the manufacture of energy-efficient products.
- Travelling: Projects related to transport, whether of people or goods, that focus on energy-efficiency or the use of renewable energy sources.
* How to participate? Please click here and complete the short application form or sign in and open your account.
* Deadline? Next evaluation date is Friday the 10th of December.
* Ceremony: The Awards Ceremony will take place in Brussels on the 12 of April 2011 during the European Union Sustainable Energy Week.
* More information? Contact or call us at +32 2 333 59 54

Sustainable Energy Europe
An initiative of the European Commission
tel : 32 2 333 59 54 - Fax: 32 2 537 21 67