2014-2020: towards an increase in funding in the areas of migration, asylum and internal security

The European Commission, in response to the news of the attacks in Norway and the Arab Spring, has decided to increase the funding available in the field of internal affairs and to simplify procedures for granting.

For the next Multiannual Financial Framework (period 2014-2020), the Commission is proposing an overall Home Affairs budget of €10.7 billion. This represents an increase of almost 40% compared to the total budget for the period 2007-2013.

While the amount of funding available for managing migration flows and addressing security threats will increase, the number of funds will be reduced from six to two: A new Asylum and Migration fund with an overall budget of €3,869 million and a new Internal Security fund worth €4,648 million. Simplifying the rules, speeding up the procedures and cutting red tape will ensure that results are delivered quicker on the ground.

Cecilia Malmström, Commissioner for Home Affairs that with these proposals, we are bolstering the EU’s capacity to provide support when and where it is most needed. Adequate funding with simpler and more flexible rules is crucial to address the increasingly transnational challenges that the EU faces. We need a faster and more effective EU response to events like those we have seen in North Africa in recent months.

The two Funds, proposed in today’s communication from the Commission, will provide financing opportunities for policies on asylum and migration, effective border management systems, the fight against organised crime, corruption and terrorism and many other areas:

The Asylum and Migration Fund will focus on people flows and the integrated management of migration. It will support actions addressing all aspects of migration, including asylum, legal migration, integration and the return of irregularly staying non-EU nationals. Its overall budget is set at €3,869 million.

The Internal Security Fund will support the implementation of the Internal Security Strategy (IP/10/1535 and MEMO/10/598) and the EU approach to law enforcement cooperation, including the management of the union’s external borders. It will have a global budget of €4,648 million, which will also cover the development of new IT systems, such as the future entry/exit system and the Registered Traveller Programme.

This new structure of funding will allow for a better understanding of the rules by all partners, creating economies of scale. Moreover, a flexible emergency response mechanism in the two Funds will allow the EU to react rapidly to fast evolving crisis situations, such as mixed migratory flows or terrorist attacks or cyber attacks. The two funds will replace the European Fund for the Integration of Third Country Nationals, the European Refugee Fund, the External Borders Fund, the European Return Fund and the two specific programmes Prevention of and fight against crime (ISEC) and Prevention, Preparedness and Consequence management of Terrorism and other Security-related risks (CIPS).

The Lisbon Treaty, the Stockholm Programme and its Action Plan have defined the scope of EU action in the area of Home Affairs up until 2014. EU funding for Home Affairs policies after 2013 should look beyond this roadmap and focus on delivering results and better complementing national budgets. At the start of the next Multiannual Financial Framework (2014-2020), the Commission will discuss with each participating State how home affairs funding can best be used to achieve all EU policy objectives in this area. This dialogue will ensure a focus on policy priorities and results.

These legislative proposals will now be discussed and negotiated with the European Parliament and the Council. The Funds should become operational in 2014.

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